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A labial melanotic macule is a well-definedoval, brown to black, flat patch on the central third of the lower lip. It is the name for a freckle arising on the lip.
Usually solitary, a labial melanotic macule is most commonly seen in adult women but it also occurs in males and in young people. Occasionally the lesion can be on the upper lip.
Size ranges from 1—8 mm. Once developed the lesions usually remain unchanged in size and colour. They can occasionally have an irregular edge and there may be a history of colour change which can cause confusion with other pigmented lesions, including melanoma.
Luckily, melanoma is very rare on the lip but it can occur. Labial melanotic macules do not cause any symptoms but their appearance can be a concern to the patient. A labial melanotic macule is thought to be provoked by sun exposure, and it is more common in fair-skinned people. However it may also occur in dark-skinned individuals and, as described above, similar lesions can arise in sites that are never sun-exposed.
Luckily, melanotic macules are harmless. These conditions can be differentiated from labial melanotic macule by a combination of clinical and histological features. Multiple lesions may be a sign of a widespread skin condition, such as:. A labial melanotic macule has a characteristic pattern when examined with the magnifying glass or by dermoscopy. Lesions with a typical history and appearance need not be biopsied. If a skin biopsy is done because the lesion is changing or looks irregular, a labial melanotic macule shows the following features on dermatopathology :.
Nuclear atypia is absent and the melanocyte count is normal. Typical lesions can just be observed. Suspicious lesions, including lesions showing progressive change, should be biopsied. If treatment is requested the macules can be frozen cryotherapy or removed using a laser or intense pulsed light. Excision can also be performed but will leave a scar. See smartphone apps to check your skin. DermNet NZ does not provide an online consultation service.
If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Labial melanotic macule — codes and concepts open. Labial lentigo, Mucosal melanosis, Melanosis vulvae, Labial melanotic freckle, Oral mucosal melanosis, Penile melanosis, Vulval melanosis.
Tumour, Pigmentary disorder. Clinical and dermatoscopic features of labial melanotic macule, Histology of labial melanotic macule, Multiple labial melanotic macules.When you notice brown age spots on your lips, your first thought may include deep concern about your well-being.
Fortunately, in most cases, the spots are perfectly harmless to your health -- even if they shake your self-confidence 1. To improve the uniformity of your lips while recapturing a more youthful pout, begin with a trip to the dermatologist.
While you await your appointment, seek out answers to your questions about age spots on your lips. Age spots are areas of darkened skin tissue that look brown or gray. They may occur anywhere on your skin, such as your lips 2.
Repeat exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays leads to this physical damage, which can show up as discolored lip tissue. The term "age spots" reflects their tendency to appear most often once you reach 40 years of age, even though they may affect individuals of any age.
Often called liver spots or solar lentigines, age spots on your body, including your lips, are completely harmless. Spots that are extremely dark or raised, however, may point to a serious condition, such as a skin cancer.
The sooner you visit your dermatologist, the faster you will know whether lip age spots are harmless. Early detection of melanoma, a type of skin cancer, often yields a much greater treatment success rate. The delicate skin on and around your lips is especially vulnerable to sun damage, so apply sunscreen every day.Multi select picklist in lightning example
For effective protection, make sure you are using SPF 30 or higher. Slide on some sun-protective lip balm several times a day for easy maintenance. Doing so will not affect existing spots, but it will help you avoid new discoloration. If you choose chemical treatments to improve existing spots, sunscreen will promote successful healing.
Choose over-the-counter brightening or bleaching treatments to lighten the discoloration. This form of treatment may take several weeks or months to see results, and may include the use of retinols or hydroquinone for skin near your lips.
You may see mild to complete improvement, depending on the severity of your spots. Or consult a dermatologist about laser treatment.Usually, a new spot that pops up on your pet is cause for worry. The most common reason for these dark spots is lentigo, a genetic condition in which there is an increase in the number of epidermal melanocytes.
Orange cats are not the only color affected by lentigo. Black spots can also pop up on tortoiseshellcalicoyellow, and flame-point cats.
Middle-aged to older cats are most commonly affected, but lentigo can appear in cats as young as a year old. When lentigo first appears in cats, it often pops up on the lips as tiny dotsbefore spreading to the eyelids, gums, and nose.
As the cat ages, the spots will become more widespread and may grow larger. Often, a small cluster of spots will grow together to form a large patch of pigment. Small lesions may appear close together, discoloring a larger area.
The lesions are either brown or black, small in size, and are usually flat, but may appear raised. With a clearly defined border, there is no redness or other skin changes surrounding the lesions.
While freckles are associated with sun exposure in people, the exact cause of lentigo in cats is unknown. The appearance of these feline freckles does not seem to coincide with increased sun exposure. Regardless of the underlying trigger, lentigo spots result from pigment-producing cells called melanocytes making more melanin than the surrounding skin. It is thought that the gene that codes for orange coat color is unstable and reverts back to its more natural "non-orange," dark gene over time, but this theory has not been confirmed.
What Are the Black Spots on My Orange Cat's Lips and Nose?
Veterinarians often diagnose lentigo based on a thorough physical exam, the presenting clinical signs, and by checking for any other health conditions. Occasionally, lentigo spots can appear similar to melanoma, so your veterinarian may take a fine needle aspirate of a suspicious spot to search for cancerous cells under the microscope. Lentigo is not a form of cancer, nor will it grow to become cancer.
The only concern is that lentigo spots can mask melanoma spots, which makes routine veterinary exams critical for monitoring. If you notice a raised black spot on your cat, contact your veterinarian, as raised spots tend to be cancerous more often than flat spots.
While the black spots caused by lentigo can be startling, they are the most benign condition that appears as small black dots. Other similar-appearing medical issues that can create health problems include:.
If you're concerned about a spot on your cat, especially if it changes in size or is raised or tender, contact your veterinarian to schedule an appointment.Fiat ecu scan
Combing your cat with a fine-toothed flea comb is the best way to diagnose a flea issue, as these special combs are designed to pull fleas, eggs, and dirt off your pet. Feline acne : While the exact cause of feline acne is unknown, it is a fairly common skin condition in cats. Appearing as black dots on the chin, feline acne may also progress to red, inflamed pustules that can rupture and ooze. Proper hygiene is a must for cats with acne, especially regarding food and water dishes.
Avoid plastic dishes, and switch to ceramic, stainless steel, or glass instead. Feline acne can be an occasional flare-up or a chronic condition that requires rigorous hygiene protocols. Melanoma: Cats, unlike people, rarely develop melanoma because of excessive sun exposure. Melanoma refers to the pigment melanin, which is produced by certain cells in the body. With the malignant form of melanoma, these pigment cells grow out of control, and are most likely to affect the skin, eyes, or mouth of cats.
Several characteristics are common among cats with melanoma: Melanoma may appear as a darkly colored patch, spot, lump, or raised area on the skin, gums, or within the eye. Common affected sites include the lips, gums, tongue, nose, ears, and eyes. In the eye, the first sign of melanoma may be the iris changing color and darkening. Melanoma is aggressive, and can rapidly spread to the lungs or liver, causing breathing difficulties, lack of appetite, and weight loss.
If you suspect your pet is sick, call your vet immediately.Black spots appearing on lips are quite rare and will cause considerable alarm if you develop them suddenly. Black spots on the lips can also be embarrassing as it is not a pleasant sight. This makes it a priority to find out its cause and means to get rid of them.
There are a number of causes of black spots on the lips.
Thankfully, there are many remedies as well, which is dependent on the cause. Getting rid of black spots on the lips is not that difficult as there are several effective remedies available. Unwanted spots on lips usually show significant responses with regular lip caring tips. This, however, depends on the cause of these spots. Some of the remedies and tips are mentioned below. There may be instances when these home remedies may not be sufficient in getting rid of black spots on lips. In this instance, it may be beneficial seeking the advice of a dermatologist who will identify the root cause of the issue and recommend a prescription medication.
Facial dark spots are not good looking. Remedies like masks can allow them fade quickly. If the dark skin is persistent, you can speak to your doctor. Last Updated 17 April, Better Health Information from Doctors. Black spot on your lips can be embarrassing. But do you know why they appear or how to deal with them effectively? No worries — keep reading! Causes of Black Spots on Lips There are several potential causes of black spots on the lips: Cigarette smoking Too much sun exposure resulting in dry lips and dark patches High intake of caffeinated beverages, such as tea or coffee Consumption of hot food Biting and licking the lips constantly High levels of iron in the body Vitamin B deficiency Changes in hormone levels Allergic reactions to toothpaste and products applied on the lips Allergic reaction to lip medication Using expired lipsticks and inferior quality lip care products Excessive pigmentation on the lips A symptom of cancer, in rare cases Remedies for Black Spots on Lips Getting rid of black spots on the lips is not that difficult as there are several effective remedies available.
Apply Certain Things Lip Balm. Excessive sun exposure can cause the lips to dry, and this, in turn, causes black spots on lips. The application of lip balm before leaving the house can prevent these spots from forming as lip balm acts as a protective barrier. Lemon Juice. Lemon juice has natural bleaching properties and helps eliminate spots. Applying lemon juice and honey, several times a day can eliminate lip discoloration.
Drinking plenty of water, like at least 8 glasses a day, keeps the body well hydrated. A hydrated body means hydrated lips.Free bumble boost
Licking dry lips can also be avoided by drinking plenty of water. Avoid Certain Things Hot Foods. Consuming meals when they are steaming hot can also exacerbate the condition. Therefore, the food should be allowed to cool before consumption. Tea and Coffee.
People who consume more than one or two cups of tea or coffee and experiencing black spots on the lips should cut back on the consumption. The condition will improve significantly with each consumption. Expired Lip Products.There are many people who present black spots on their lips, with the majority being displeased about this change in the physical appearance.
However, not many people are aware that there are a number of factors that contribute to the appearance of these spots, such as the diet, medication or even lifestyle habits.
Fortunately, it is possible to diminish these black spots, thanks a number of home remedies. These are the most common causes that can contribute to the appearance of the black spots on lips:.Hoffmann dovetail keys
In the majority of the cases, the diagnosis made by taking the medical history of the patient and also be performing a physical examination with a dermoscope. In the situation that a suspicion is raised about a potential neoplastic growth, the doctor will perform a biopsy — a small sample will be taken from the respective area and analyzed into the lab, so as to determine whether it is a malign or benign growth.
Often times, the biopsy is performed at the same time with the excision if possible.
Labial melanotic macule
Picture 1 — Multiple black spots found on the lips. In the situation that you have tried natural remedies and the black spots did not improve, you should consider going to the dermatologist. If you have noticed that the black spots are actually small lumps, you should definitely make an appointment to the doctor. Keep in mind that, in rare situations, these black spots can be signs of cancer. Skin cancer is very aggressive and it has a high mortality rate. The longer you delay going to the doctor, the further the skin cancer will progress and it might not be possible to treat it anymore.
In the situation that the black spots do not go away with natural remedies, it is possible to remove them with the help of laser surgery. This type of intervention presents a number of risks, such as scarring. If the problem is caused by inadequate dental fixtures, a visit to the dentist is required, in order for these to be re-adjusted and properly fitted. In the situation that the black spots have turned out to be cancerous lesions, both chemotherapy and radiation therapy are recommended as treatment.
If possible, the doctor will recommend the excision of the neoplastic growth, followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy in order to ensure that there are no more cancerous cells in the respective area. The prognosis is more reserved in the situation that the black spots are actually cancerous growths.
The earlier the diagnosis is made, the higher the chance of survival is. Your Name. Black Spots on Lips. How to get rid of Black Spots on Lips? Prognosis Search for:.
The health information provided on this web site is for educational purposes only and is not to be used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.The human lips labia oris is the junction between the outer facial skin and inner buccal mucosa that lines the mouth cavity. The outer layers are largely similar to skin except that the lips has fewer layers. The color of skin is determined by the amount of natural pigment known as melanin.
Melanocytes are specialized pigment cells that produce melanin in smaller quantities than elsewhere on the skin. The lips also have melanin but to a much lesser degree than the rest of the skin. This lower quantity of melanin is genetically determined but is further regulated by exposure to ultraviolet light mainly from sunlight and less frequently from tanning beds. Combined with its fewer layers of skin than the rest of the face, the color of the lips is also largely dependent on the underlying tissue color and blood flow.
This is the reason that the lips are a pink to red color. Most cases of discolored lips are associated with brownish to brownish-gray hue. The lips itself almost never reaches a full black color. However, other colors such as bluish or yellowish discoloration may also occur. It can be associated with environmental causes, mechanical, chemical or electromagnetic damage, skin disorders, systemic diseases and lifestyle factors.
Anemia is one of the common causes of lip discoloration particularly in women during the reproductive years. It is often related to iron-deficiency anemia but any type of anemia can be responsible. Anemia is a lower than normal concentration of the oxygen-carrying compound known as hemoglobin. This may be due to fewer red blood cells or less hemoglobin within these red blood cells. Hemoglobin is responsible for the naturally red color of blood. In severe cases this discoloration may be slightly blue and becomes more pronounced with cold weather.
Cyanosis is a bluish discoloration of certain parts of the body associated with a higher than normal level of deoxygenated blood.Characterization and reactivity of silicatic consolidants
This means that the oxygen levels in the blood are very low. Initially this may present as paleness and eventually the blue tinge becomes evident.Dark spots on lips are not risky and common. Find out here the causes, how to get rid of dark spots on your lips, ways to remove black spots on lips and treatments for dark brown spots on lips.
Also learn meaning and how to fade dark spots on upper and lower lips below. Black and brown spots on your lips appear as discoloration that leaves your lips with an uneven skin tone.
The problem is common in people who smoke, since it is believed that smoking discolors the skin, leaves black spots, patches, wrinkles and even dark circles under eyes. Other than smoking, there are a host of other causes of darkish spots on upper lip and lower lip. See the section on causes below. These spots on lips are sometimes called age spots, liver spots and some people refer to them as diabetes spots on the skin. Your skin can develop different types of spots. Some of them may be red spots, while others can even be white spots on the skin.
Depending on where they appear, the marks may not pose a health risk especially when they are on your lips. What Causes Black Spots on the Lips? What causes black spots on lips? What does dark brown spots on your lips indicate? Well, there are several causes of dark spots on lower lip and upper lips.
Understanding these will help in getting rid of the spots. It is also easier to develop simple home remedies for dark spots on the lips once you know of the causes. Stop smoking, it is one of the simplest ways to get rid of dark spots on your lips.
As a matter of fact, avoiding some of the causes of these discolorations on your lips is the best way to get rid of them. You can brighten dark spots on the lips using simple natural remedies.
Here are some ways to fade dark spots on upper lip and lower lip naturally at home. Lemon is known for its bleaching properties. It will lighten the black patches of discoloration on your lips.
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